AR-News: Poor science and horrific cruelty: the legacy of India's primate research

=?windows-1255?B?8e7j+A==?= rumsiki at
Tue Jul 29 22:55:08 EDT 2003

From: owner-primfocus at

29 July 2003

For immediate release

Poor science and horrific cruelty: the legacy of India's primate research

Animal Defenders International (ADI) and the National Anti-Vivisection
Society UK (NAVS) have launched a new report on shocking cruelty and animal
suffering in laboratories in India.

Monkeys were kept in tiny cages for up to 40 years, often without water or
bedding, causing disabilities, skin diseases, hair loss and disturbed
behaviour. Many hadn't seen natural daylight for years.

"The state of India's animal research industry brings shame on India's
scientific community  it is also an indictment of the international
scientific community, which turns a blind eye to cruelty, substandard animal
welfare and substandard science", said ADI Chief Executive, Jan Creamer.

ADI and NAVS were presented with a substantial dossier of animal suffering
by Maneka Gandhi, former chair of India's Committee for the Purpose of
Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA).

In a badly designed experiment, researchers at the Indian Institute of
Science in Bangalore immunized monkeys with a sheep hormone, to assess the
affect on their sperm quality, despite the fact that the results of the
study were already known and available from other sources. Many of the
monkeys were later euthanised.

At the National Institute of Virology in Pune, pregnant monkeys were
infected with the hepatitis E virus. Although as many as 20% of pregnant
women die from the virus, which is transmitted through sewage contamination
of water, the researchers were aware that the infection does cause severe
disease or death in monkeys. The funding wasted on poor animal research such
as this, would have been better spent on ensuring clean water supplies.

ADI searched the international science journals for papers from India, and
was disturbed to find governments and funding bodies prepared to finance
such work. ADI is now lobbying the international scientific community to
stop funding any laboratories that refuse to comply with the minimum
standards for good laboratory practice and animal welfare.

CPCSEA's inspections of 467 laboratories in India paint a horrifying
picture:  substandard and unhygienic conditions, sick and dying animals and
appalling animal suffering, as well as poor science.

ADI has concluded that literally years of scientific research in India has
been invalidated by poor scientific procedure, poor laboratory practice and
lack of appropriate animal care.

ADI has called for action from the international scientific community, and
the Indian government:-
· licensing and enforcement measures for welfare and standards of good
laboratory practice;
· public information and accountability in the decision-making process;
critical review of proposals to use animals; incentives to move to
non-animal research;
· end funding of projects in Indian laboratories until effective action has
been taken to enforce animal protection and good laboratory practice;
· international science journals to refuse publication of any work from
Indian laboratories without independent verification of good animal welfare
practice and scientific protocols.

Other horrific experiments highlights in the report include:
· live, conscious sheep being tied up and holes drilled into their brains;
· experiments that will never be completed, nor published;
· horses covered in severe dermatitis, and others with maggot- infested
· rodents blinded after blood samples taken from their eyes.

The full report is available on the NAVS website:


Notes for Editors:

Science itself has established that poor animal welfare affects the results
of animal experiments, and this is reflected in legislation in UK and
European legislation.

International funding bodies cited in the report include the Rockefeller
Foundation, USA, the Danish Development Agency, the Medical Research
Council, Canada.

Collaborators in work cited in the report include:  California Regional
Primate Research Center, University of California; Contraceptive Research &
Development Program, Eastern Virginia Medical School; Clinical Research
Institute of Montreal, Canada, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural College,
Copenhagen, Denmark.

Science journals which published the work:  Journal of Andrology; Mutation
Research; Contraception; Journal of Hepatology; Journal of Molecular

Laboratories covered in the report include:

        All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
        Bengal Chemicals, Kolkata
        Bombay Veterinary College, Parel, Mumbai
        Delhi University, College of Pharmacy
        Haffkine Biopharmaceutical Corp. Ltd., Pune
        Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
        Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar
        Jai Research Foundation, Ahmedabad
        Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
        Kakatiya University, Warangal
        King Institute of Preventive Medicine, Chennai
        Marathawada University, College of Veterinary Sciences
        Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
        National Institute of Virology, Pune
        Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi
        Vaccine Institute, Vadodara
        Vins Bioproducts Ltd., Hyderabad

Contact:      Jan Creamer or Tim Phillips.
tel. +44 (0) 20 8846 9777 (switchboard). tel: +44 (0)20 8563 0250 (press

Caroline Chisholm
Head of PR
National Anti-Vivisection Society/Animal Defenders International/Lord
Dowding Fund

261 Goldhawk Road
W12 9PE
United Kingdom

Tel:     020 8563 0250
         00 44 20 8563 0250

Fax:     020 8563 8146
         00 44 20 8563 8146

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